Orthopedic Surgery is the branch of surgery concerned with conditions involving the musculoskeletal system. Orthopedic surgeons use both surgical and nonsurgical means to treat musculoskeletal trauma, spine diseases, sports injuries, degenerative diseases, infections, tumors, and congenital disorders.
The word Orthopedics comes from two Greek words, ortho, meaning straight and pais, meaning child. Originally, orthopedic surgeons dealt with bone deformities in children, using braces to straighten the child's bones. With the development of anesthesia and an understanding of the importance of aseptic methods in surgery, orthopedic surgeons extended their role to include surgery involving the bones and related nerves and connective tissue.
Orthopedic sometimes spelled orthopaedic surgery is surgery performed by a medical specialist, such as an orthopedist or orthopedic surgeon, trained to deal with problems that develop in the bones, joints, and ligaments of the human body.
Some of the conditions and diseases an orthopaedic surgeon treats include:
Orthopaedic surgeons perform numerous types of surgeries on patients. The range of treatments done by orthopedists is enormous. It can cover anything from traction to amputation, hand reconstruction to spinal fusion or joint replacements. They also treat broken bones, strains and sprains, and dislocations.
Common surgeries include:
Joint replacement is a kind of orthopaedic surgery known for restoring freedom of movement and eliminate the pain because of degenerated and diseased joints. Hip and know replacement are the most common ones. Due to technological advancements, now-a-days cementless implants are being used for customized fitting to increase longevity. This surgery might not last long and may need a second chance too.
There are various kinds of joint replacement surgeries:
Arthroscopic surgeries are known as Keyhole surgeries as the incision for the operation is the size of a small hole in the skin. This surgery deals the operations of joints. Recovery in the case of this surgery is much faster in comparison to the traditional surgery. Keyhole surgery can be done in a number of body parts like shoulder, knee, wrist, ankle, and so on. The most performed keyhole surgery is of the knee joints. For a normal arthroscopic surgery, one has to stay in the hospital only for a day or 2 but physical exercise after the surgery is extremely important.
Arthroscopic surgery for problems in knee, shoulder, elbow and ankle, deals with the following:
Spinal surgery includes operation of the degenerative, congenital and developmental disorders of the spine. The complete spine surgery program is a comprehensive interdisciplinary service that requires orthopedic surgeons, neurosurgeons, neurologists, physical and rehabilitation medicine and anesthesia. Technological advancements in the field of medicine, along with traditional disc surgeries of back and neck, microscopic surgeries, spinal tumors, endoscopic spinal surgery and minimal surgeries are also being performed.
Spine surgery includes a number of things:
Arthritis, is primarily used in describing any kind of wear of cartilage with a number of symptoms like aches, pains and stiffness in joints. Rheumatism is also used for pain in muscles and joints. There are some other terms also used amongst the doctors:
Pediatric orthopedics deals in the treatment of every musculoskeletal problem in children, which is inclusive of pediatric trauma, metabolic diseases, congenital malformations, and genetic abnormalities such as club foot, congenital dislocations, pseudarthrosis, birth injuries and other congenital deformities. Following are the included corrections:
This surgery mainly deals with the removal of the cancer and a small amount of healthy bone that surrounds it. Surgery needs to be combined with radiation therapy.
Reconstructive and Salvage surgeries are performed for bone infections, implants and prosthesis infections, complicated fractures, congenital deformities and polio.
The major benefit of orthopedic surgery in India, is the absolutely affordable and pocket-friendly prices of treatment as in compared to other countries of the world. Indian offers orthopedics treatments from internationally-trained medical practitioners who are assisted by dedicated staff/assistants. Best state-of-the-art equipment and even robotic surgery are used for the treatments in this field of medicine.