It is arguably correct that modern lifestyle dictates our health patterns. What we eat and how we exercise has a lot of bearing on our physique and fitness. Jumping over, obesity is a condition when both our lifestyle and our eating habits are irresponsible. Morbid Obesity is determined by a body mass index (BMI) greater than 40. And how do we treat Morbid Obesity? Gastric Bypass Surgery.
Gastric Bypass Surgery is basically a string of medical procedures used to treat morbid obesity, hypertension, type 2 diabetes and sleep apnea. Here’s how it goes. First, the stomach is divided into 2 unequal parts using surgical staples. This restricts the amount of food intake. The small intestines are then rearranged so that they connect both the divided stomachs together. This can be done in a number of ways, differing in the degree of affected food absorption, the lengths of small intestines used in the surgery and the probability of undesirable nutritional effects. Based on the same, Gastric Bypass is further classified as Roux en-Y (proximal), Roux en-Y (distal) and Mini-gastric Bypass.
Post Gastric Bypass surgery, the stomach size is effectively reduced by more than 90%. The newly formed gastric pouch is only 15mL in size, as opposed to 1000mL of a normal stomach, and is the least stretchable part of the stomach. The patient feels “full” after ingesting a small portion of their regular diet, which reduces the food intake and brings down the patient’s weight. Patients have been seen losing 10-15 kg post surgery and lead a much healthier life later.
More about the complications of Gastric Bypass Surgery in upcoming posts.