A high-dose of radiations is delivered by stereotactic radiosurgery that makes use of radiation beams coming from various angles. These radiations are delivered precisely to a brain tumor without causing any damage to the nearby healthy tissue. Basically an abnormal area is targeted by the stereotactic radiosurgery which is a type of radiation therapy. The head of the patient is kept still in order to aim the radiation beams accurately by using a special device. This non-surgical procedure is used for treating inoperable lesions and tumors. Stereotactic radiosurgery is also used as post-operative treatment for removing obliterate abnormal blood vessels or tumor tissue present in congenital arteriovenous malformations.
The Diseases and Conditions Treated by Stereotactic Radiosurgery
Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy (SBRT) : This type involves one or more stereotactic radiation treatments along with the body but excluding the spine or brain. SBRT is used for treating:
Stereotactic Radiosurgery (SRS) : SRS is primarily used for treating spinal and brain cancers.
Linear Accelerator (LINAC): High energy x-ray electrons or photons are delivered by this machine in curving paths surrounding the head of a patient. Fractioned stereotactic radiotherapy is the procedure where radiosurgery uses LINAC for treating large tumors either in one session or multiple sessions.
Gamma Knife: 201 highly focused gamma rays are used. These gamma rays are delivered with great accuracy and are used for treating small as well as medium size lesions.
Stereotactic Radiosurgery by using Linear Accelerator (LINAC) : This procedure is considered same as Gamma Knife procedure and has been categorized into 4 phases-
Radiation beams are delivered from many angles using gantry (a part of the LINAC machine) that rotates around the patient. Large tumors can be effectively treated with less repositioning and more uniformity as it delivers larger x-ray beam.
Stereotactic Radiosurgery Using the Gamma Knife: Four phases are involved in this procedure –