Types of Bone Grafting - Dental Implant
Any sort of bone grafts can be, depending on the individual’s condition. It has three types:
Autogenous bone - These are the best materials which are procured from an individual's own body that helps in the prevention of the rejection of any kind of transplanted material. Taken from places like chin, jawbone or hip.
Allografts - These are mostly taken from bone of another individual, mostly cadavers.
Xenografts - These are bone transplants done by using other species, like pigs or cows.
In most of the cases, the surgeon tries to use the individual’s own bone for the purpose of repairing.
Who Should Consider Dental Bone Grafting?
Many people experience loss of bone loss because of trauma, infection or pro-longed disease, such people gets benefits from bone graft surgeries and procedures. The techniques of grafting help in prevention of any sort of added bone loss and also help in recovering chewing function and also enhancement in speech.
Sometimes, bone grafts become necessary before dental implants or implantation restoration is done as if there is no proper bone structure, dental implants cannot be successful.
Bone Grafting Dental Procedures
Following are bone grafting procedures :
Block bone grafting – In this process, to screw into the required section or to position where the dental implant has to be placed, a block of bone is removed from an area of the body. It should be in place for four- six months before an implant is done.
Bone expansion – It helps in the placement of larger dental implants in areas such as front of upper jaws. When bone expands and stretches, it helps bone expansion techniques in creating larger surface areas for future dental implant insertion.
Sinus lift graft - The sinus membranes are lifted by the dentist upward so that the donor bone can be inserted properly in the floor of the sinus.
Socket preservation - Every tooth is held within a tooth socket, after teeth fall out or are removed, the bone in the remaining socket starts degeneration. It helps in reduction of bone loss.
Guided tissue regeneration – For preventing the gum tissues to grow over bone grafts, a membrane barrier is used for covering surgical spaces, blocking the gum tissues from growing in those areas.
After Care for Dental Bone Graft
After the bone grafting is over, the patient is prescribed some antibiotics, pain medication and an antibacterial mouthwash.
The patient should avoid certain hard foodstuff.
One should not put pressure on the bone graft area while during healing.
People who wear a denture, they might not be able to wear it for a month or so.
In case there are natural teeth near bone graft, a temporary removable bridge or denture is placed for protecting the area.
Benefits of Bone Graft for Dental Implants
Bone graft helps in convenient placement of a dental implant as till the time there is no strong bone support beneath, dental implants do not become a success. It is a necessary step for a person whose bone structure is not strong and wants to get dental implants done.
Bone Grafting Cost in India
The cost of bone grafts for dental implants largely depends on the type of graft, one is going to get. This treatment can be quite expensive many times if one gets it done in the UK, USA and other western countries. Bone grafting cost in India is quite low in comparison to these countries and that too with maintenance of same kind standards of quality. Your treatment is done in state-of-the-art hospitality by experts dental surgeons in top-notch JCI-accredited hospitals.
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FAQs for Dental Bone Grafting
Ques: What is dental bone grafting?
Ans: It is a minor surgical procedure performed by the dentist to replace the missing bone with material from the patient’s own body, artificial, synthetic, or natural substitute. Transplanting the bone tissue helps in fixing bones that are damaged.
Ques: Why does a person need a dental bone graft?
Ans: Bone grafting has been recommended to those patients who want to replace their missing teeth with dental implants, have multiple or complex fractures, or have a diseased joint.
Ques: Is it important to do bone grafting before a dental implant?
Ans: Yes, it is very important to undergo bone grafting before a dental implant as the implant can last for a lifetime. The success of dental implants reduces if there is not enough bone volume after tooth extraction. That is why the doctor recommends replacing a tooth as soon as possible.
Ques: Where does the grafting material come from?
Ans: Earlier, dentists took bone from a patient’s body for grafting in the jawbone and this process is called an autologous graft. In today’s time, the dentist prefers to use other laboratory-processed bone grafting material than the human body or animal donor or synthetic material.
Ques: What will happen if the patient doesn’t go for bone grafting after tooth extraction?
Ans: Bones and gums will shrink if the patient will not undergo bone grafting after tooth extraction. If the patient will lose more bone and gums, then the chances of getting dental implantation will decrease.
Ques: Is bone grafting safe?
Ans: Yes, this is a very safe procedure. There are only a few possible risks in this procedure such as bone might not heal even after grating, which is rare. There is very little chance that the patient gets infections. After the procedure, the doctor prescribes antibiotics to reduce the risk of infection.
Ques: How long does it take to complete the procedure?
Ans: With tooth extraction, both bone graft and membrane procedure will take approximately 1 hour. However, it depends on the tooth on which grafting is taking place.
Ques: What food items the patient can take after the bone grafting procedure?
Ans: As there is no restriction for eating after bone grafting but it is highly recommendable that the patient should eat soft food such as fruits, pudding, yogurt, porridge, and mashed potatoes. Also, eat from the opposite side for about 3 to 4 weeks. Do not eat very cold and very hot food items. Avoid touching the grafting.
Ques: Is bone grafting procedure painful?
Ans: There will be pain after this procedure as the dentist made a small incision in the gums, which causes pain and some soreness. However, the doctor recommends ice packs and pain killer medicines. The pain or discomfort subsides in three or four days after the procedure.
Ques: How long does it take to recover from a bone graft procedure?
Ans: After 2 to 3 days of the procedure the patient will start feeling normal. However, it takes two weeks to over two months to recover from bone grafting.
Ques: What kind of care is required after dental bone graft?
Ans: Proper dental care is required after this procedure. The patient should be regular with their medicines and antibacterial mouthwash. They should avoid hard foodstuff as it can put pressure on the bone graft site and it will not allow the healing properly. Also, wear dentures or removable bridges as per the doctor’s prescription.
Ques: What are the causes of bone graft failure?
Ans: The main cause of bone graft failure is overall dental health. If the patient does not take proper care after the surgery such as brushing and flossing the teeth daily then peri-implantitis can occur. The bone can be damaged by this gum disease and resulting in gum recession after bone grafting.
Ques: What is the approximate cost for dental bone grafting and how can I get an appointment?
Ans: To know about the cost of dental bone grafting an appointment, kindly contact on below details:
Mobile/Whatsapp: +91 9717766080