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Frequently Asked Questions about Cardiology

Q) How does a human heart function?

A) A normal human heart beats 70 to 80 times in 1 minute which means 1,00,000 times a day. The heart has 4 chambers- two upper chamber and two lower chambers known as Atria and Ventricles respectively. The right atrium of the heart gets de-oxygenated blood flow which in turn flows through the pulmonary valve into the pulmonary artery into the lungs. The de-oxygenated blood gets purified in the lungs and flows back through the same route to the rest of the body. The blood vessels which fed heart are known as coronary arteries.

Q) What is High Blood Pressure and what are its treatments?

A) The stiffness occurred in the very small arteries led to High Blood Pressure. Low salt diet, stress management, regular exercise and weight control are the measures that can control High Blood Pressure. If your BP is not controlled by these measures, doctor may prescribe you with necessary medications.

Q) What are the major causes of heart disease?

A) Smoking, high cholesterol levels, high blood pressure, lack of exercise, obesity and diabetes are the major causes of the heart disease.

Q) What is a heart attack?

A) A heart attack is a condition which occurs when the supply of blood and oxygen to a particular area of the muscle gets disrupted. This blockage is the leading cause of arrhythmias (irregular heartbeat) that cause a fatal decline in the pumping function of the heart.

Q) What are the Symptoms of Heart attack?

A) The most common symptoms that occur in the case of heart attack include chest pain, palpitations, breathlessness, pain in the armpits, chest pain and cyanosis.

Q) What is Cholesterol?

A) It is a type of fat substance produced in a human liver. There are two types of this fat- saturated and unsaturated. Butter, Ghee, red meat and coconut oil contain unsaturated fat which is harmful for the body.

Q) What is Atherosclerosis?

A) Atherosclerosis is a medical condition wherein cholesterol along with calcium and blood clot gets deposited in the arteries and creates stiffness.

Q) What are the other treatments available for the clogged arteries besides Bypass Surgery?

A) Clogged arteries refer to a medical condition wherein the calcium deposits, fats, salt and fibrin accumulates within the walls of the artery. The clogged arteries put a person at risk of heart attack. The other treatments available besides Bypass Surgery are Angioplasty and Stent.

Q) What are common risks of open heart surgery ?

A) With the advent of advanced technology, the surgical procedures for heart has become less complicated. However there are some complications associated with open heart surgery. Also if the patient is suffering from diabetes, lung & kidney disease, the complications can be severe.

Q) How is angina different from a heart attack?

A) Angina refers to the chest pain which occurs in the area of your heart muscle due to the shortage of oxygen. Angina has two forms: Stable Angina and Unstable Angina. While Stable angina takes place in the case of bodily exertion and decreased flow of oxygen in the heart, unstable angina is the same case but is not relieved by rest. A heart attack, also known as a myocardial infarction, occurs due to the blockage in the heart muscle, preventing it from oxygen and blood inflow.

Q) What is cardiac rehabilitation?

A) Cardiac rehabilitation program is a medically supervised program that helps in the improvement of health and well being of people suffering from different kind of heart problems.

Q) What is an Electrophysiology ?

A) Electrophysiology study is done for the diagnosis and treatment to study the arrhythmia (irregular heartbeats).

Q) What is Radio Frequency Ablation ?

A) Radio Frequency Ablation is a procedure wherein radio frequency energy is targeted to those areas that cause an abnormal heart beat.

Q) What is a Pacemaker and how does it function?

A) It is an electronic device that helps to normalize your heartbeat and produce electric pulses to speed your heart rate.

Q) What is Coronary angiography ?

A) Coronary angiography is a specialized test performed to examine the blood supply and functioning of the arteries in the heart.

Q) What is a Congenital Heart Disease?

A) Congenital heart disease refers to the structure and abnormalities of the heart & great vessels which is present since the birth. The abnormal conditions are as follows: holes in the walls, narrowing of blood vessels and abnormal location of blood vessels.

Q) What is a Heart murmur?

A) These are the unusual sounds occur while the heart beats. A doctor can hear them by using a stethoscope. Most of the time these murmurs does not serious health problems.


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