The scarring of the liver due to several types of liver conditions and diseases that include chronic alcohol abuse and hepatitis. This condition is termed as Cirrhosis.
The second largest body organ is the liver that carries out important functions such as making vital nutrients, cleaning of the blood and detoxifying harmful substances in the body. The formation of the scar tissue blocks the blood flow through the organ and harms the liver structure. Due to these reasons, there is slow processing of hormones, toxins, nutrients, drugs, proteins along with other substances that are created by the liver. The functions of the liver include –
The most common causes of this condition include alcohol abuse, Hepatitis and fatty liver. However, any damage caused to the liver results in the condition of cirrhosis such as –
It also includes some inherited diseases –
Advanced symptoms include –
Biopsy of the liver is the best test for diagnosing the condition of cirrhosis. Liver biopsy is meant for those patients in whom the presence of the condition of cirrhosis is not clear. The other tests include physical examination, history evaluation and routine testing. Some other tests may also be done for diagnosing the underlying disease which is resulting in the condition of cirrhosis.
Stage 1 : During the initial stage of cirrhosis, a patient may face a few symptoms that include dry mouth, enlargement of the upper stomach area, jaundice and fatigue. The problem of itching can also be seen in some patients. Cirrhosis in its initial stages can be easily eliminated.
Stage 2 : In the absence of appropriate medical care there can be a progression of stage 2. Now the abnormal tissues that were created in stage 1 are now transformed into rigid bands of connective tissue. Fibrosis is the procedure where there is a transformation of tissues. Both fibrosis and the inflammation spread in the periportal and portal veins of the patient.
Stage 3 : Now in this stage, the rigid band of connective tissue merges with each other. There is immense enlargement due to the process of merging. This enlargement hampers the functions of the liver. The liver is unable to digest fat contents, cannot store nutrients or support the blood streaming. Heart problems and kidney problems are due to the condition of cirrhosis.
Stage 4 : This is considered as the most dangerous stage of cirrhosis. The surgery of liver transplant can be opted at this last stage. The liver performs normally after the liver transplant surgery.
Following are the treatments for the cirrhosis condition –
In order to control the symptoms of cirrhosis, certain medications can also be given. By decreasing salt in the diet, ascites and edema can be treated. Diuretics is the drug which can prevent edema from occurring again and also removes excess fluid. Changed mental function due to cirrhosis can be treated with the help of drug and diet therapies.
Also referred to as malignant hepatoma, hepatocellular carcinoma is a type of liver cancer. Following are the different conditions that can increase the chances of Hepatocellular Carcinoma –
When the bile duct is not able to transfer the bile effectively as a result of secondary cause that leads to blockage, scarring or inflammation is termed as Secondary Biliary Cirrhosis. This condition could result from cystic fibrosis, a congenital defect of the bile ducts or gallstones. Other causes include –
Compared to the surgical costs in Europe and America, the cost of Cirrhosis treatment is substantially lower in India due to its excellent health care facilities. The cost-effective treatment attracts many patients from across the world.