What is a Neuro Ophthalmology ?
Neuro-Opthalmology is a part of ophthalmology that deals with the relationship between the brain and the eye that are primarily linked with visual symptoms. It aims at dealing with the specific disorders of brain, orbit and optic nerve. The Neuro-ophthalmologists deals those patients who have visual disturbance from disorders of central nervous system, pupillary abnormalities, ocular motility and optic nerve diseases.
Neuro Ophthalmology Common Diseases Types
- Hereditary Optic Neuropathies
- Thyroid Eye Disease
- Optic Neuritis
- Pupillary Abnormalities
- Myasthenia Gravis
- Ischemic Optic Neuropathy
- Paraneoplastic Disorders
- Infections and inflammatory optic neuropathies
- Cerebrovascular Disorder that involves vision
- Compressive Optic Neuropathy
- Hemifacial Spasm
- Tumors involving vision
Symptoms of Neuro-Ophthalmic Diseases
- Facial and eyelid spasms
- Visual loss
- Unequal pupils
- Diplopia (double vision)
- Visual disturbance
- Droopy eyelid
- Involuntary eye movements
- Eye pain
Causes of Neuro-Ophthalmic Diseases
The Neuro-ophthalmic condition causes depends upon individual diseases. These diseases are due to traumatic brain strokes and injuries that is generally linked to multiple sclerosis, central nervous system other conditions, optic nerve disease and brain tumors.
Tests Required for Evaluating the Neuro-Ophthalmology Diseases
- Visual field testing by with the help of static perimetry, kinetic perimetry or both.
- Testing of visual acuity
- Color vision testing
- Evaluation of ocular alignment and eye movements.
Treatments for Neuro-Ophthalmic Diseases
The treatment of common types of Neuro-ophthalmology diseases depends upon the patient’s diagnosis. It also involves botulinum toxin injections that are used to prevent the muscle spasm for disorders like hemifacial spasm and for medical therapies. Surgical treatments are also performed like eye muscle surgery. The straight eye alignment is restored with the help of eye muscle surgery. For correcting the vision disorders, laser surgery is performed.
Cost of Neuro-Ophthalmology
The treatment and diagnosis of Neuro-Ophthalmology in India is very cost effective. All the hospitals in India use the best technology that is powered with latest medical equipments.