Ophthalmology (Eye Treatment) in India

by Rishabh

What is Ophthalmology ?

Ophthalmology is a branch of medicine dealing with the anatomy, physiology and diseases of the eye. All evaluations that purport to diagnose eye disease should be carried out by a physician. An ophthalmologist is a doctor of medicine who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of disorders of the eye, in addition to diagnosing systemic disease that manifest in eye signs or symptoms. Since ophthalmologists perform operations on eyes, they are considered to be both surgical and medical specialists.

The word ‘ophthalmology’ comes from the Greek roots ‘ophthalmos’, meaning eye and ‘logos’ meaning word, thought, or discourse. Ophthalmology literally means ‘the science of eyes’. Ophthalmology treatment in India is one of the world’s best. Trained medical practioners study and practice this branch of medicine in top hospitals of the country.

Ophthalmology Versus Optometry

Ophthalmology and Optometry are two different branches of medicine concerning the human eyes. Both have similarities but are not be confused with each other as they have their differences.

An Optometrist works in the field of sight testing, diagnosing, correcting and treatment of vision changes. Basically, an Optometrist is an eye health care professional and not a medical doctor. The study of the field of optometry involves performing different vision and eye care tests, detecting certain eye abnormalities, prescribes for several eye care diseases and dispensing and prescribing corrective lenses. While an ophthalmologist is a certified medical doctor treating on vision and eye care. An ophthalmologist differs from opticians and optometrists in terms of training and treatment. An Ophthalmologist has completed the full training medical program and is licensed to perform surgery and medicine.

Opthamology Treatments

Using state-of-the-art technology, Ophthalmology treatments in India cover numerous eye conditions, including cataracts, retinal diseases, glaucoma and other vision related disorders. The most common treatments of Ophthalmology in India are:

  • LASIK Surgery
  • Vitrectomy
  • Cataract
  • Retinoblastoma
  • Cornea
  • Glaucoma
  • Refractive errors
  • Occuloplasty
  • Cornea
  • IOL
  • Ptosis correction surgery
  • Pediatric Opthalmology

Other eye surgery

  • Oculoplasty and Orbit
  • Cornea transplant
  • Pterygium removal surgery
  • Eye muscle surgery
  • Diabetic retinopathy
  • Retinal surgery
  • Cornea and refractive surgery


A cataract is a case of blurred vision which is caused by clouding of the normally clear lens. A person with cataract feels like he is looking through fogged up or frosty window. The problems become more obvious as the person ages and a drawback is that it cannot be treated with the help of optical or contact lenses. In such a case, a cataract surgery needs to be done where the affected lens is replaced with an artificial lens.

Cornea transplant

Also known as corneal grafting, it is a surgery to restore the vision of a person who has a diseased or damaged cornea. There are two types of cornea transplant, i.e., when only a part of the cornea, known as lamellar keratoplasty, or the entire cornea is replaced also known as penetrating keratoplasty. The surgery is undertaken when the eyeglasses or contact lens are unable to provide a better vision.


Glaucoma is a group of eye disorders that directly harm the optic nerve that connects the eye to the brain. It is also known as the silent thief of sight because most of its types cause no pain in the eye or show symptoms until there is a detectable vision loss. The surgical procedure for Glaucoma is one where the damaged ocular structures are repaired by stabilizing or reducing intraocular pressure. Eye drops aimed at lowering IOP (intraocular pressure) are the first option to treat this kind of disorder. In case that doesn’t work, surgery is opted to reduce the production of intraocular fluid.

Lasik- Laser Refraction

It is a surgical procedure performed to correct vision problems like hyperopia, myopia, and astigmatism. The surgery is usually painless where the doctor reshapes the cornea so that it accepts the light and be more focused on the retina for better vision.

Macular Degeneration Surgery

Macular degeneration is deterioration of the macula, the central part of the retina which is responsible for visual acuity. It is an age-related issue which is also the primary reason for the loss of vision. The health of the macula is very important for any visual task that requires to see fine details. Macular degeneration is diagnosed as dry macular degeneration & wet macular degeneration. Surgery prevents vision loss.

Phacoemulsification with IOL Implantation

It is a surgical procedure in which the lens fibers that form the cortex and nucleus of the cataract are removed, leaving the posterior epithelial capsule to support the new artificial intraocular lens (IOL). It also keeps the vitreous humor away from the anterior chamber.


Ptosis refers to the dropping of the upper eyelid over the eye. Some of the causes of ptosis are aging, trauma, or variations in medications. However, children and adults both can have ptosis. The same can be treated by ptosis surgery in which the doctor tightens the levator muscle or attach the eyelid to any other muscle that can lift the eyelid.

Retinal detachment

Retinal detachment is a case in which the retina detaches or pulls away from a layer of blood vessels that provide the required nourishment and oxygen. Although it is painless, one can notice symptoms like blurred vision, floating objects, a slight shadow to name a few. Retinal detachment can be treated by pneumatic retinopexy, scleral buckle surgery, or vitrectomy.


Also known as strabismus, it is a condition in which the eyes do not align or look in the same direction. While one eye focuses at one point, the other turns upwards, downwards, inwards or outwards. Squint can be treated by doing eye exercises or wearing glasses. Surgical treatments are done on the extraocular muscle to realign the eyes.


This surgery is done for the removal of vitreous humor from the eye. During the surgery, the doctor will repair the retina, remove the scar tissue which is tearing the retina and causing problems in vision. Along with that, the doctor will remove the vitreous gel and replace it with saline water.

Vitrectomy + Retinal Detachment

Retinal detachment is a condition in which the retina detaches from its normal position and floats inside the eye, causing blindness. Doctors perform vitrectomy to reattach the retina, further sucking and removing the inner jelly. The scar tissue is removed by membranectomy and the retina is attached again by photocoagulation.

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LASIK Laser Eye Surgery in India

It is one of the most common refractive eye surgeries that is used to treat vision problems. In this surgery, the cutting laser precisely reshapes the cornea so that you can achieve better vision. This laser surgery treats nearsighted, farsighted, and astigmatism.

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Uveitis Treatment in India

This treatment treats the inflammation of uveitis in your eyes through various methods. However, the right treatment for this problem at the right time is essential. Medications, surgical, and other procedures are available for this treatment.

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Vitrectomy Surgery in India

Vitrectomy is an eye surgery to treat problems with the retina and vitreous. In this surgery, the jelly-like substance-Vitreous is replaced with a saline solution to correct the vision. It is commonly used to treat damaged blood vessels and infections.

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Refractive Surgery in India

Refractive eye surgery is used to correct the refractive error in the eyes. It can treat nearsightedness, farsightedness, and astigmatism through various methods. This surgery covers some surgical remodeling of the cornea, lens implantation, or lens replacement to give better and clear vision.

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INTACS Treatment in India

Intacs treatment is a method to cure mild Myopia by placing the Intacs, which are tiny rings made of biocompatible materials. This treatment is used to improve the visual acuity by reshaping the cornea without disturbing the visual axis.

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Age Related Macular Degeneration in India

Macular Degenerations have no cure, but treatments are available for it. Laser Surgery, Injection, and photodynamics are common methods to treat Age-Related Macular Degeneration. As soon as you start your treatment, you can reduce the severity of the symptoms of this disease.

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Retinal Detachment in India

Retinal Detachment is a serious eye problem in which the retina of your eyes pulls away from the tissue around it. In most cases, surgery is the prime option to fix a detached retina. However, there are other procedures available for it.

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Dry Eye Treatment in India

Dry Eyes is a condition when your eyes do not produce enough tears. There are multiple methods to treat this eye problem, and choosing one of them depends on various factors. Medications and other procedures have many options to treat this eye problem.

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Diabetic Retinopathy in India

It is a diabetic eye disease that damages the retina of the eyes. There are many treatments available for this eye condition. Surgical and laser treatments for Diabetic Retinopathy include scatter laser treatment and Vitrectomy.

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Neuro Ophthalmology in India

Neuro-Ophthalmology is a merging term of neurology and ophthalmology. It deals with specific disorders of the brain, orbit, and optic nerve through various treatments. Types of Neuro-ophthalmology diseases depend on various factors and conditions.

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