What is IVF ?
In vitro fertilization (IVF) is an assisted reproductive treatment that is one of the commonly used fertility treatments. This involves fertilizing an ovum in a laboratory dish, after which the embryo is transferred into a woman’s uterus.
In Vitro Fertilization is a form of Artificial Reproductive Technology where medical techniques are undertaken for embryo transfer or plantations.
Infertility is no more a curse to couples with the development of latest technologies and medical treatments. There are various forms of infertility treatments in India by which women could conceive a child. The inability to conceive naturally gives way to assisted medical reproduction process. One way to get medical assistance for such couples is called the In Vitro fertilization or IVF, widely known as test tube baby. It is most widely used process all around the globe.
Who should consider IVF treatment ?
According to statistics, couples under the age of 35, who are continuously trying to conceive after unprotected intercourse for more than a year or six months but there have been no results are perfect candidates for IVF. Though there is no age limit for the process, but many institutions may consider your age.
The infertility disorders that can be treated with IVF are:
- Sperm-related problems or low sperm count
- Ovulation disorders
- Blocked or damaged fallopian tubes
- Treatment Procedure
Following are five steps in IVF and embryo transfer:
- A. Observing the development of ripening egg(s) in the ovaries
- B. Collecting the eggs
- C. Getting the sperm
- D. Keeping eggs and sperm together in the lab while giving them appropriate conditions for fertilization and initial growth of the embryo
- E. Transfer of the embryos into the uterus
For controlling the timing of ripening of egg and increasing chances of quality egg collection, fertility drugs medication is prescribed depending on an individual. Before the determination of egg etrieval schedule, an ultrasound of the ovaries is done for check development of eggs and a blood/urine test is done for measuring hormone levels.
The Egg Retrieval Process
This process is undertaken trans-vaginally with the use of a hollow needle that is guided by the ultrasound image. Then using the needle, the eggs are removed from the ovaries (follicular aspiration). The timing of this process should be perfect that is, it does not happen early or too.
Now in the lab, these eggs are kept with the sperm in incubators for the fertilization process. This process is checked at regular intervals for ensuring that fertilization and cell division is happening and an embryo is formed. The embryos are usually transferred into the uterus within 2 or 3 days after egg retrieval. A speculum is inserted into the vagina to expose the neck of the womb (cervix). After the transfer there is a resting period, blood tests and ultrasounds are done for verifying if there is possible pregnancy.
Intracytoplasmic sperm injection ICSI
ICSI is an ART which used to treat sperm-related infertility problems. It is used for the enhancement of the fertilization phase of IVF by injecting a single sperm into the matured egg. This fertilized egg is then transferred into the uterus or fallopian tube of the woman.
Benefits, Success rate and Support
A major benefit of IVF is that it enables an infertile couple to have a baby. Second is that it reduces the requirements of the surgery of the fallopian tubes.
For the whole IVF process to become a success, It is extremely important that one achieves success at every step. To gain the best possible benefit it is necessary that the infertile couple gets the right treatment at the right time (age).
Another important thing is that such a couple should come forward without any apprehension to discuss their problem with the doctors. At, MediConnect India, you can get complete support of all sorts.
Frequently Asked Questions about IVF Treatment
In vitro fertilization, IVF is mingling the eggs of a woman with the sperms of her partner in a laboratory dish. After 2-3 days, the fertilized embryos are directly transferred into her uterus. It is the most commonly used treatment and is popularly known as a test-tube baby.
It is a procedure for those with fallopian tube issues, and also for conditions like endometriosis, male factor infertility and unexplained infertility. The specialist accesses the patient’s history and guides him for treatment appropriate for them.
No, not at all. In 50 percent of cases, the female is the cause while in another 40 percent case, the male partner is infertile but in the remaining10 percent, the reasons go unexplained. Specific tests are done for its determination.
Yes, it is fully treatable with the right diagnosis from a specialist doctor and the right treatment.
If done with the right assistance, it is an affordable treatment but the condition of the couple and the treatment chosen, play important roles.
Although there is no specific number but the doctor can tell better.
Generally, a patient is sedentary for 24 hours after pre-embryo placement in the uterus. Exercises such as jogging, horseback riding, swimming, etc. should be avoided until confirmation of pregnancy. Other regular activities can be done.
Pregnancy can be confirmed using blood tests done after13 days of egg aspiration, after which ultrasounds are done on a gap of 30 to 40 days.
Yes, there is at the time of multiple embryo transfer. Around 25 percent of pregnancies are twins. Triplets can be seen in around 2-3 percent of cases.
Generally, it takes around three weeks. Fertility drugs are prescribed for stimulating the ovaries. Then during 4-6 days prior to ovulation, the female is monitored through ultrasound and check on hormone levels.
The doctor takes this decision. Generally, three to four embryos are transferred but the age of a woman and the quality of the embryos is also considered.
Patients have various other options regarding the disposition of the remaining embryos. They can freeze the embryos for later use, can donate or simply dispose of them.
The patient should not be older than 45. The doctor can guide better after considering the medical history as well as FSH levels of the female partner.
ICSI is a procedure of intracytoplasmic sperm injection into the egg of the female. This advanced process has been developed for helping a couple in achieving the highest chances for fertilization during IVF treatment.