Advancement in surgical technology has led to the evolution of Robotic Assisted Surgery that is commonly known as Robotic surgery. It is the latest advancement in the field of science which has been developed for offering a support in various kinds of surgical procedures.
This kind of a surgery has mainly been developed in order to overshadow the limitations of slowly but strongly growing surgery. The surgeon does not himself has to move the instruments but has to make use of a computer console for handling the instruments which are attached to multiple robot arms. The computer then translates the movements of the surgeon, which he then carries out on the patient by the robot. This helps the surgeon in performing with the surgery with greater precision and control.
The best part about robotic surgery is puts together latest computer technology with the experience of the highly-skilled surgeon. Basically, because of this technology, the surgeon can get a 3-D image of the complex anatomy of human body, which is almost 10 times magnified and in high-definition.
Types of Robotic Assisted Surgeries
Below mentioned are the types of Robotic Surgeries:
Supervisory-Controlled systems (Computer Assisted Surgery):
The surgeon here undertakes considerable preparation work, puts data into the robotic system, plans the action, takes x-rays, tests the robot’s working, puts it in the appropriate position and guards his action so that things work out as per plan. It is used in orthopedic surgeries.
The third kind of robotic surgery devices where humans do majority of the work, but the robot assists when required. In some of the cases, the robot monitors the surgeon offering him a great amount of support. The surgeon programs the robots about the human body prior to the surgery, keeping focus on the safe regions. Being supervisor-controlled systems, it needs a proper set-up.
It is the second type of device used in the robotic surgery system. The Da Vinci Robotic Surgical System, adds to it by providing 3-D visualization to the places which are hard-to-reach such as the heart, and also adds to wrist movement for controlling the instruments. It helps surgeons in taking fast actions in an accurate manner by putting into use the robot’s arm. All this need a good amount of learning. Used in valve repair and artery repair.
Robotic Radiosurgery Systems:
Today robots are also used in the case of delivering radiation for treating the tumors where they can control highly focused beams of ionizing the radiation to a particular precise location within the body. The tumor is located through medical imaging and a map of the location is created. The surgeon inputs the commands into the system for instructing about the treatment. The patient is then registered with the system for proper positioning of the body and the treatment is begun. The robot then follows the commands. This reduces the risk of damaging the surrounding tissues.
Applications of Robotic Surgery
Today robotic surgery is made use of in quite a few surgeries where in they prove to be quite helpful. Following are the fields of surgeries where it is used:
- Total Endoscopic Coronary Artery Bypass
- Single Vessel / Multi vessel Small Thoracotomy
- Prostate Bladder,Kidney Cancer
- Congenital Defects
- Multiple Fibroids
- Ureteropelvic Junction Obstruction
- Uterine Cancer
- Vesicoureteral Reflux
- Cervical Cancer
- Vaginal & Uterine Prolapse
- Vesicovaginal Fistula
- Ovarian Cyst
- Atrial Septal Defects
- Mitral Valve Repair
- Aortic Valve Replacement
- Coronary Artery Disease
- Rectal Cancer
- Colon Cancer
- Liver Disease
- Obesity and Related Metabolic Diseases
- Gastric Cancer
- Esophageal Disorders
Benefits Of Robotic Surgery
Robotic surgery has given on not only an effective but an absolutely safe substitute to the conventional laparoscopic surgery and open surgery, becoming the best approach in a number of intricate surgeries. In comparison to laparoscopic method, the Robotic Surgery System offers amazing benefits of minimally invasive surgery, overcoming the complexes of any traditional surgical procedure. The benefits of thus surgery can be summed-up as:
- Quicker return to normal activity
- Less anesthesia
- Smaller duration of hospitalization, fast recovery
- Less blood loss and lower blood transfusion rates
- Reduced pain and trauma to the body
- Fewer complications
- Less risk of infection
- Less scarring than traditional opena surgery
- Precision, comfort and smooth clinical outcome
Robotic surgery cost in India
The cost of robotic surgery in countries like the USA is quite high which is not affordable by all but the Robotic surgery cost in India is quite pocket-friendly and that too without any kind of compromise on the quality of services. You can take the services of Medi Connect who is going to arrange everything for you. Even after including the travel expense, you can save a whole lot of money.
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Frequently Asked Questions about Robotic Surgery
Robotic Surgery is the “remote activated or user-manipulated motion control, imaging and communication devices, operated via computer hardware and software to enable physicians to conduct an increasing array of surgical procedures in a minimally invasive manner.” The surgery is performed in a minimally invasive technique, allowing for minimum cuts and post-operative bruises. Robotic surgery involves sophisticated medical devices allowing surgeons to operate through tiny incisions, using improved, magnified visualization in high-definition 3D.
Robotic surgery allows surgeons to perform minimally invasive surgeries with the control, range of motion and 3-D visualization of traditional “open” surgery with the added advantages of less bleeding, less pain and scarring, shortened hospital stays, and quicker recovery time. For prostate procedures, robotic surgery may improve the ability to spare the nerves that are important in limiting the side effects like incontinence and impotence. For most patients, smaller incisions create less trauma, a swifter return to mobility and day-to-day activities, plus more cosmetically pleasing results.
As against conventional laparoscopy where the surgeon has to keep an eye on the video monitor to see inside the surgical site, with robotic surgery, the instrument maneuvers are higher in dexterity and precision. In fact, the robot has been designed to alleviate hand tremors thus further aiding precise hand movements. For sake of patients, positives include a shorter hospital stay, less pain, less risk of infection, less blood loss, fewer transfusions, less scarring, faster recovery and a quicker return to normal daily activities. None of these benefits can be guaranteed, as surgery is necessarily both patient- and procedure-specific.
Any patient who has not had too many abdominal surgeries and has not suffered any significant cardiovascular and pulmonary diseases is fit for robotic surgeries. In fact, usual abdominal surgeries such as cholecystectomy (gallbladder removal), appendectomy, or inguinal hernia repair warrant no concerns.
Since this treatment is predominantly defined as robot-assisted minimally invasive surgery, it should go okay with any insurance that covers minimally invasive surgery. However, it is important you cross-check with your insurance service as your coverage will depend on your plan and benefits package.