Knee Replacement Surgery in India

Total Knee Replacement is a surgical procedure wherein a diseased knee is treated by removing the damaged cartilage and bone and replacing it with a synthetic one. The materials used to create an artificial joint are made up of metal (titanium or cobalt chrome) and are strong and long-lasting. Since they produce less friction, they are optimal for joint function.

What is the cause of knee joint disintegration?

One of the major reasons that affect the knee joint and hinder routine activities is Arthritis. The slowly wearing condition of the tissue on the ends of the bones leads to reduction of joint space, severe joint pain, regular shifts in bone movement, and friction in the exposed bone surface. There are three types of arthritis:-


Osteoarthritis occurs from ‘wear and tear’ and is the most common reason for total knee replacement. It usually occurs after the age of 50 and is a genetic problem. When the tissue covering the bones softens and wears away, the bone began to rub against each other and leads to severe pain.

Rheumatoid Arthritis

When the tissues surrounding the bone release excessive fluid due to inflammation, it causes damage to cartilage and other parts of the joint and causes pain and stiffness.

Traumatic Arthritis

This type of arthritis usually occurs after a serious knee injury. Due to the knee fracture, the connective tissue and the tissue covering the ends of the bone wear away, resulting in pain and stiffness.

Who is the ideal candidate For Knee Replacement?

If a person experiences daily pain that hinders work, recreation and daily activities of routine life, he/ she may be considered for a total knee replacement. Most people undergo knee replacement after the age of 50 but sometimes the knee replacement is also considered by a younger lot if their knee condition is severely affected.

  • Complete history and physical examination of the candidate
  • X-ray examination to assess the total amount of damage caused
  • Blood tests are also >done to prevent inflammatory arthritis

Types of Knee Replacement

There are four types of Knee Replacement procedures:

Partial Knee Replacement

It is a minimally invasive procedure wherein a single part of the affected is removed and replaced with a metal implant. It is also known as unicompartmental knee arthroplasty and is most often considered for patients suffering from  Osteoarthritis.

Rotating Knee Replacement

With the Rotating Knee Replacement, the metal implant installed not only moves back and forth but can also rotate inwards and outwards. This procedure has been designed to replicate the rotating motion of a normal knee joint.

Gender-Specific Knee Replacement

It is a special technique of knee replacement wherein the implants are designed in a similar manner for both men and women but their average differs. The concept behind this procedure is that if the implant properly imitates the normal anatomy, it will allow better function and better stability.

Custom Knee Replacement

It is another type of knee replacement procedure wherein MRI is taken first and customized incision guides are prepared for the patient. It enables the surgeon to do precise removal and replacement of the knee joint.

Oxinium Total Knee Replacement

In Oxinium Total Knee Replacement, the surgeons treat knee injuries in young men and women. Owing to their high activity levels, most conventional knee implants last only for 10 to 15 years. Oxinium knee implants offer the durability of 30 to 35 years at a stretch. These implants are designed of metal composites made up of ceramic and coated with oxygen which made them extremely durable and long-lasting.

Benefits and Postoperative care

The advantages of Total Knee Replacement are pain relief, improved mobility and improved quality of life. During your stay in the hospital, a physiotherapist will teach you exercises to make your knee stronger. Your stay in the hospital will not be more than 6 to 10 days. Usually, patients who undergo half knee replacement have a shorter hospital stay.

Cost of Knee replacement Surgery in India

The cost of Total Knee Replacement in India is quite inexpensive as compared to West. Even the Oxinium Knee Replacement procedure can cost up to $ 75,000 in the U.S.A whereas, in India, the cost is quite low.

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FAQs of Knee Replacement Surgery

Partial knee replacement is a surgery to replace only a part of the damaged knee. In this procedure, the surgeon only changes the affected joint components with implants while using bone cement. This procedure is used for younger age patients because their bones are healthy as a comparison to older patients. As per the experience, those who have undergone partial knee replacement will be the candidate for total knee replacement in the future.

Total knee replacement surgery includes resurfacing of the knee joints which are made up of three parts, namely thigh bone, shinbone, and kneecap. During the surgery, the surgeon removes bone and diseased cartilage from the knee joint and is replaced with metal joints. This procedure is also known as knee arthroplasty.

For normal knees, these bones are roofed with smooth cartilage that provides cushions to the bones and allows them an easy movement. However, in arthritic knees, cartilage layers are damaged due to which knee bones start rubbing with each other and cause limited movement, pain and weakness of muscles. Due to this reason, patients undergo total knee replacement surgery as it relieves them from pain.

Minimally invasive Knee Replacement is an advanced technology that performs through smaller cuts or incisions. There is a special kind of tool used in this technique. The patient can have a speedy recovery and experience less pain after this surgery.

In Robotic Knee Replacement, doctors use robotic arms to shape the surrounding bone before placing an implant. In this procedure, surgeons use Computed Tomography (CT) images to create and establish a three-dimensional model of the patient’s knee. Robotic arms will only operate in a particular space where there is no chance of slipping implants.

There is no particular age to undergo this procedure. The recommendation of the surgery depends on the patient’s pain, disability to move, long-lasting knee inflammation, and swelling. The patient needs to consult an orthopedic surgeon.

Most people do not experience severe complications. However, after knee replacement surgery there might be a risk of blood clot and infection. Doctors prescribe antibiotics and blood thinners to reduce these complications. They also take precautions to reduce infection while doing the procedure, they wear a special kind of suit which covers from the head and full body.

Yes, your doctor will recommend a few tests to make sure you are healthy enough to undergo surgery. You will be having urine tests, X-rays of your chest and knees both, ECG, routine blood tests, physical checkups, etc.

Doctors preferred general anesthesia and spinal anesthesia during knee replacement surgery. They can use any one of those. General anesthesia makes you unconscious and spinal anesthesia leaves you awake but unable to feel pain from your waist down.

The timeline for recovery is totally depending on the patient. Some patients recover very fast and some take time to recover. Mostly, patients take care of themselves and resume daily activities within 6 weeks. Generally, it takes 3 months to fully recover after the surgery.

It is necessary for a patient to perform certain tasks, do some exercises and movement of knee joint areas after the Knee Replacement Surgery. These exercises and movements of the knee need to be performed under the guidance of trained physiotherapists so that they can monitor your all muscle and joint improvements. The patient should keep the stitches dry and clean. The doctor will also recommend bath instructions and cleaning instructions before your discharge from the hospital. Patients can also use a walker while walking to balance and muscle control.

The patient should monitor his new knee joint very carefully and can start light to normal activities in 06 weeks’ time after the surgery. If a patient is not having any complications, then he/she can be able to walk soon.

There are several reasons due to which knee-tendon breaks down such as injury, accidents, tearing meniscus, obesity and provocative arthritis, etc. The damaged tendon causes knee pain.

Generally, Knee replacements give you a quality of life and a long-term solution to the problem. However, excess obesity and a more active lifestyle can cause wear and tear and it can adversely affect its span and performance. You should be very careful with your activities after surgery.

You need to be careful about putting high stress and pressure on the knee joints. You should be very careful while walking and making odd movements after your knee joint surgery. To avoid putting stress on the knees you can use things such as long-handled showers, sponges, raised toilet seats, chairs or benches at the time of the shower, use sticks while dressing yourself and to grab items from the upper racks, don’t use too much stair climbing, etc.

The answer is YES. As this is a metal implant, metal detectors can easily detect it. If this happens kindly be patient and inform the security officer that you have an implant in your knees.

Patients can start driving once the medication stops. Mostly, it is not usually recommended until four weeks after the surgery. Sometimes, patients need 6 to 8 weeks before driving. It actually depends on the speed of the recovery of every patient.

The alcohol can cause vasodilation due to which blood vessels widen and it can increase the amount of bleeding which in turn results in swelling and it can delay the healing process.

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