What is Cosmetic Surgery?
Cosmetic surgery is a medical discipline focused on enhancing beauty and appearance through surgical and medical techniques. It is an extremely broad field and can be performed on all areas of the bod; face, breates, thigh, stomach, etc. Cosmetic surgery is a part of plastic surgery but concentrated on enhancing beauty of a person.
Plastic surgery refers to surgical correction or restoration of a form or function. It broadly covers both a person's appearance and the ability to function. Though synonymous with cosmetic surgery, plastic surgery can be divided into terms of, cosmetic surgery and reconstructive surgery. It is concerned to improve patient's appearance and self-image through both reconstructive and cosmetic procedures. The different types of surgeries are breast plastic surgery, facial plastic surgery, and many more.
Cosmetic surgery in India has undergone a radical change over the last decade. More and more people are accepting and its affordability confirms its value and need. The number of aesthetic surgery procedures performed has increased to a great level. Earlier cosmetic surgery was only confined to the health and well-being of the patient, such as reconstructing a dislodged eye, skin-grafting for serious burns, repairing a broken nose and treating a birthmark across the face. But now the surgery is intended to correct all the dysfunctional areas of the body for enhancing the overall appearance.
Cosmetic Surgery Procedures
Reconstructive Surgery : The reconstructive surgery is performed on the abnormal structures of the body. Corrections are made to defects caused by congenital defects, trauma, infection, developmental abnormalities, tumors or disease. The main purpose of this surgery is to improve function but it can be used to approximate a normal appearance. Some of the surgeries are –
- Hand Reduction
- Scar revision
- Breast reduction
- Cleft lip and palate
- Tissue expansion
Elective Cosmetic Surgery : If your appearance seems lacking somehow due to factors such as a large nose, wrinkles or fat around your belly or hips, cosmetic surgery provides the needful solutions. Form removing signs of ageing, enhancing beauty and remove any blemish, cosmetic surgery has become the latest trend to achieve flawless genes.
Non Surgical Cosmetic Procedures
- Laser resurfacing to improve acne scars
- Teeth whitening
- Botox injection to smooth wrinkles
- Sclerotherapy injections for small varicose veins and spider veins
Types of plastic surgery
- Eyelid surgery or blepharoplasty
- Eyelid Lift
- Cheek implants
- Chin implants
- Chin augmentation
- Chin reduction
- Lip augmentation
- Lip enlargement
- Lip reduction
- Fat injections
- Collagen injections
- Laser resurfacing
- Facial Resurfacing
- Laser removal of hairs
- Laser removal of pigmentation
- Hair removal
- Tattoo removal & Birthmark removal
- Endoscopic facelift
- Endoscopic Cosmetic Surgery
- Cosmetic tattooing
- Permanent eye-liner
- Breast reconstruction
- Maxillofacial surgery
- Facial Cosmetic Surgery
- Octoplasty (ear surgery)
- Rhinoplasty ( nose reshaping)
- Forehead lift
- Mastopexy ( breast lift)
- Abdominoplasty (tummy tuck)
- Rhytidectomy (face lift )
- Blepharoplasty (eyelid surgery)
- Octoplasty (ear surgery)
- Augmentation Mammaplasty (breast augmentation)
Abdominoplasty (tummy tuck)
Cosmetic surgery is performed on normal, healthy body parts in order to improve their appearance. People opt for this surgery to change the way they look, based on their own ideals of beauty. While plastic surgery or reconstructive surgery involves correcting an abnormality resulting from a birth defect, accident or health condition. Often, reconstructive surgery addresses not only a deformed appearance, but also seeks to correct or improve some deficiency or abnormality in the function of the body part.
Blepharoplasty is plastic surgery to repair deformities, defects, and droopy eyelids. The procedure includes removing excess skin or fat to revamp the eye region of the face.
Blepharoplasty upper and lower (Bilateral)
It is a cosmetic surgery in which the excess skin, muscle, and fat is removed to avoid droopy eyelids, puffiness, and sagging eyebrows. The whole process helps in improving the shape of the eyelids.
Breast augmentation is surgery to increase, adjust or enhance the breast size. The process usually followed is where implants (saline implants or silicone gel) or fat transfers are used under the chest muscles or breast tissue. The surgery is undertaken after mastectomy or to increase confidence.
This surgery is opted by those females who want to avoid discomforts like back pain and neck pain due to large breasts. The excess fat, skin, and tissue is removed from the breasts during the surgery.
Nose job which is also known as cosmetic rhinoplasty is a surgery to change the shape, size or angle of the nose. Either it is done to improve breathing or to enhance the appearance. The process includes removal of bone or cartilage against which tissues may be added.
Facelift (face and neck)
Facelift surgery is a process in which the facial issues like sagging, double chin, wrinkles are corrected to give a fresh and young look.
Liposuction (abdomen/ arms/ calves)
This cosmetic surgery is undertaken to remove fat from body parts such as arms or neck, abdomen, hips, buttocks, and thighs. The suction process is done for aesthetic improvement and physical fitness.
Liposuction (thighs and buttocks)
Liposuction from thighs and buttocks is a cosmetic procedure which uses a suction technique to remove excess fats using cannulas (tubes). The cannulas are inserted through an incision made on the areas which haven't responded to diet and exercise to make it look sleek.
Male breast reduction
This surgery is for males with gynecomastia or enlarged breasts caused due to overweight or hormonal imbalance. The surgeon will remove the excess glandular tissue and fat by making cuts to give a firmer and flatter shape to the chest. The nipples are also repositioned accordingly.
It is a procedure for reshaping the chin for aesthetic purposes or to balance the facial features. The same is done through an incision where the surgeon will remove or implant a part of the chin bone.