Q: What is Surrogacy ?
A) Surrogacy is one of the methods of assisted reproduction. The term Surrogate means substitute. Surrogacy is a legal arrangement between a couple/ individual and a woman who is going to conceive and then carry pregnancy till the time she will give birth to their/ his child. This option is picked up by a couple who is unable to have a baby due to any reason.
Q. What are the different types of surrogacy ?
A) There are three types of Surrogacy
Q. Which type of surrogacy is most common ?
A) Commercial surrogacy is the most common type of surrogacy where a gestational carrier is paid for carrying a child in her womb for the full term. It is mostly opted by higher income infertile couples who can afford the cost involved. This is a legal process in many countries including India.
Q: How many embryos are usually transferred to the Surrogate Mother ?
A) Generally, a fertility clinic transfer around 3-4 embryos for better chances of pregnancy.
Q: Are children born out of IVF surrogacy normal ?
A) Till date, there has been no scientific data in the form proof that the children born through IVF surrogacy have any developmental issues.
Q: Does the couple have the right to select a surrogate ?
A) Yes, the couple/individual very much has the right to select a surrogate. You might be given an option of 3-4 surrogate mothers so that you can select any one as per your preference.
Q: After the confirmation of pregnancy, do the potential parents get timely details ?
A) Yes, throughout the course pregnancy, the couple is provided regular updates about the health of the surrogate mother. The details and results done at the clinic are also provided to them.
Q: What are the legal formalities ?
A) The Contract papers are drafted by the Solicitors and then are signed by both the parties. These papers contain every single detail about the rights and responsibilities of both the parties and also of the fertility clinic. These legal formalities are important and necessary.
Q: Who can become a surrogate mother in India ?
A) A woman should be in the age group of 22-26 years and should have her own child/children as well. A surrogate has to clear some basic pathological and other baseline investigations. She might also have to go through a psychological assessment too.
Q: What is the duration of the process, from regulation to embryo implantation ?
A) The time span generally is 6 weeks.
Q: What if the surrogate does not conceive ?
A) Another attempt can be made with another surrogate or with another egg donor.
Q: Do surrogate babies get delivered vaginally or through C-section ?
A) The situation here is same as a child being born through the natural process. The doctor takes the decision as per the condition of the surrogate.
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