In the past times, being infertile was no less than a curse for any couple. All this has changed because of a number fertility solutions that are available today because of advancement in the field of Science. Also known as infertility treatment, they are procedures involving medication and other processes, suitable for people facing problems in bearing a child. For such people, artificial medical assistance is the best solution. Such kinds of treatments are slowly gaining a lot of popularity.
What is Infertility?
The problem of not being able to conceive a child naturally is Infertility. It is that condition when even after a year of unprotected sexual intercourse, a couple were not able to conceive. This problem can be due to anyone, man or woman, or even both. This condition also involved a situation where the female partner is not able to carry a pregnancy to its full term.
Reasons for infertility
It is necessary that for normal reproduction, both female and male reproductive systems are in a proper condition. The reasons of infertility:
- Ovulation problems
- Sperm causes
- Tubal causes
- Age-related factors
- Unexplained infertility
Infertility is not just a woman’s problem. If facts can be believed then in around one third cases, the problem lies with the the male partner. Therefore, when any such problem arises, both the partners should go through necessary tests.
Types of Infertility
Primary Infertility – When a couple were not able to conceive a pregnancy after a year of unprotected intercourse.
Secondary Infertility – When a couple were not able to conceive or carry a pregnancy to its full term even after having one or more success.
Sub-fertility – This is a condition of a less than normal capacity for reproduction when the chances (of conceiving) get down every month.
Male Infertility – A condition in males that may be absence of healthy sperms to meet ovum.
Female Infertility – A condition in females that can be due to various reasons.
Infertility Treatments in India
In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) – This process involves fertilization of eggs in the form of an embryo outside the body (in a lab) and then transferring it into the uterus. Here the female can use her own eggs or someone else’s egg through egg donation.
Intra Uterine Insemination (IUI) – Here processed semen is put directly in the uterus using a catheter. If the sperms of the male partner are not in a good condition, then through sperm donation, healthy sperm can be obtained.
Intra Cytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI) – Here a single sperm is injected into the cytoplasm of an egg for fertilization, (increases the chances of pregnancy after IVF treatment).
Testicular Sperm Aspiration (TESA) – It is a surgical sperm harvesting technique.
Surrogacy – It is a legal arrangement between two parties, an infertile couple or an individual and a woman who agrees to bear their child till she delivers the baby.
Embryo Freezing Excess (Surplus) – The embryos are preserved at ultra low temperatures to be used afterwards.
Assisted Hatching – This is a process that promotes hatching or implantation of embryos, that faces difficulty in escaping the zona pellucida.
Semen/Sperm freezing – Freezing Semen/Sperm at ultra low temperatures for using them in the future.
Success rate and Benefits
The success rate of the chosen fertility solution generally is 25 to 30 per cent but it largely depends on the condition and problem of the couple or the individual. The major benefit of such kind of treatments is that a childless couple gets a baby.
The cost of infertility treatment is quite high in many countries but not in India. You can get such treatments done here from specialists who use the most advanced technology and that too without giving out an exorbitant sum of money.