7 Most Common Monsoon Diseases, Symptoms and its Precautions

Microbes thrive and grow in the monsoon, and it is not a brainer that cold, cough, Dengue, Malaria, and similar kinds of diseases are at their peak during monsoon. Apart from the waterlogged streets and frequent power cuts, the other negative aspect of monsoon is people get sick.

Have you ever thought about why you fall sick in the monsoon? If yes, then scroll on because we are going to reveal the reason behind it.

Why do People Get Sick during Monsoon?

The human being has an immune system that plays a vital role in fighting the unwanted bacteria and viruses to enter the human body. Also, the white blood cells present in the body act as a barrier to stop weakening the body.

But, unfortunately, the monsoon brings temperature fluctuations in our body, and sometimes, people can’t get used to the temperature fluctuations or change in climate all of a sudden. Plus, not everyone’s immune system is strong enough to deal with bacteria and viruses, and thus, people fall sick during the monsoon.

Connection between the Most Common Monsoon Diseases and Rain

You all love the smell of the wet mud and the sound of the raindrops but ignore the fact that the monsoon invites germs and bacterial infections. It is very common to fall sick during the monsoon season because germs rapidly grow with the moisture and unwanted waterlogged everywhere. Rainfall is supposed to be the gala time for bacterial infections and sickness to occupy people.

The most common diseases in the rainy season include stomach infection, viral fever, cold, cough, Typhoid, Dengue, Chikungunya, and Malaria. Although, rainfall is merely not the reason why people fall sick. In fact, the bacteria and viruses rainwater inhabit inside is the real culprit.

Are There Any Precautionary Measures for Monsoon Diseases?

Yes! Incorporating some food and vegetables into your diet will boost your immunity. Especially if you have kids or senior citizens at your house, you must not ignore eating right during the monsoon season and maintain good immunity by consuming immunity-boosting food.

Doing this will allow your body to fight external infections and viruses. According to medical research, foods, vegetables, and fruits rich in Vitamin C, Vitamin D, enriched with proteins, and anit-oxidant help fight the infection that makes the immune system weak.

Glad to read about everything related to monsoon and sickness in a quick turnaround time? Keep scrolling to find out the most common monsoon diseases, symptoms, and their precautions.

Most Common Types of Diseases in The Rainy Season

1. Dengue

It is a mosquito-borne viral disease transmitted by Aedes aegypti species mosquitoes. Out of the most common diseases in monsoon season, Dengue ranks amongst the top because it is caused by the accumulation of the water around living spaces like offices and residences.

Lack of hygiene in some areas of society is the key reason for the spread of Dengue. Until now, no vaccine has been invented by medical teams worldwide to minimize the effect of Dengue. But sure, there are precautions to carry out to protect yourself from mosquito biting.

Symptoms of Dengue

Below mentioned are the most common warning signs and symptoms of Dengue to identify around you:

  • High fever
  • Excessive pain in eyes and head
  • Muscle pain
  • Fatigue
  • Vomiting
  • Nose bleeding and gum bleeding

Home-Friendly Precautions of Dengue

  • Use mosquito repellents
  • Remove stagnant water from your surroundings
  • During the outdoor adventure, find and accommodation distant to still water

Best Foods for Dengue Patients to Curb Its Effect

Consume foods that are rich in iron and protein. Such foods increase platelets formation. These nutrients strengthen your immune system and are found in:

  • Dairy products
  • Water
  • Coconuts
  • Meat
  • Egg
  • Beets
  • Carrots
  • Linseed oil

[ Also read about Diseases Spread by Mosquitoes. ]

2. Typhoid

If there is one such seasonal disease that is very common in Southeast Asia and African countries is Typhoid. This disease is one of the common ailments during monsoon, which is caused due to contamination of water. Also, keeping the food and preparing in unhygienic conditions is yet another crucial reason which causes Typhoid.

This water-borne disease is caused due to S Typhi bacteria which promoted Typhoid fever. Irrespective of gender, the fever could hit anyone. Its severe effect could be observed after the sunset, and its effects drastically drop in the morning, followed by proper medical treatment. However, certain food can help you strengthen your immunity to Typhoid.

Symptoms of Typhoid

The symptoms of Typhoid are many. However, the most common ones that are found in abundance include:

  • Malaise
  • Appetite Loss
  • Pain in abdomen and muscle
  • Rash with small red dots
  • Severe headache
  • Stomach disturbance

Home-Friendly Precautions of Typhoid

  • Lower the risk of Typhoid fever by taking any of its two vaccines – Ty21a (oral) and Vi polysaccharide
  • Don’t consume raw or uncooked food
  • Wash fruits and vegetables after buying from the street hawkers and before eating
  • Avoid spicy food
  • Say no to onion, garlic, and carbohydrates rich food
  • Stay away from fibrous food

Best Food for Typhoid Patients to Curb Its Effect

Including high calories in food and incorporating them into your diet could be a catalyst to curb the effect of Typhoid from the comfort of your home. Flick through the best foods for Typhoid:

  • Boiled potato
  • Banana
  • Consume yogurt or some other dairy product
  • Consume plenty of fruits with a high water level

3. Cholera

What if we tell you that rain and Cholera have a strong connection and have to do with the rain. Both Cholera and Rain go hands in hands. Cholera usually spreads with water and is the result of the combined effect of diarrhea and dehydration.

According to the trusted research by medical professionals, Cholera is prone to awake at its peak during monsoon. Rainfall is when food and water get contaminated the most, and people consume both without giving any second thought or paying special attention to it. But that is not the only reason for spreading Cholera.

Moreover, this diarrhea infection is caused by the ingestion of contaminated water and food. Vibrio Cholerae Bacterium is the virus that causes Cholera. Therefore, one must be careful and know how to protect themselves from Cholera, especially in monsoon season.

Symptoms of Cholera

Browse below the most common signs and symptoms of Cholera that are found in both – men and women around the world:

  • Increased heart rate
  • Lower blood pressure
  • Excessive thirst
  • Extra mood swings
  • Fishy smell from the stool

Home Friendly Precautions of Cholera

  • Bury your poop in the toilet, not in an open space
  • Eat well cooked and washed food
  • Wash your hands often
  • Boil vegetables before cooking

Best Food for Cholera Patients to Curb Its Effect

Consuming liquid and bland diet foods can help you curb the effect of Cholera irrespective of the gender that too from your homely comfort:

  • Add Lemon Juice to your morning diet
  • Try the root bark of guava remedy
  • Mix leaves and peach flowers to make the syrup of leaves and peach flowers
  • Calm your restlessness by consuming onion and black pepper

4. Malaria

Similar to Dengue, Malaria is another water-borne disease that is caused due to water clogging in the surrounding. The accumulation of water around the premises becomes the breeding ground for mosquitoes. Female Anopheles Mosquito transmits the virus of Malaria in the human body.

The best you can do is take homely measures because there isn’t any kind of vaccine available for Malaria. However, it is a fully treatable disease if you notice its early symptoms.

Symptoms of Malaria

Ever thought about how to identify that you are bitten by the female Anopheles mosquito? Simply recognize the signs and symptoms of Malaria and cross-check from the below-mentioned indicators:

  • Pain in muscle
  • Shivering of the body
  • Severe headache
  • Not feeling well for any reason
  • Tummy pain
  • Sore throat
  • Feeling out of breath

Home Friendly Precautions of Malaria

Treat yourself from the outburst of Malaria disease at home by browsing the below mentioned home-friendly precautions of Malaria:

  • Reapply mosquito repellent more often
  • If possible, use mosquito nets over the bed while sleeping
  • Wear clothes that cover your hands and legs
  • Screen your door and windows with mosquito cleaning services
  • Don’t travel to the areas where the outbreak of Malaria is heavy

Best Food for Malaria Patients to Curb Its Effect

  • Consume Cinnamon with black pepper powder mixed with honey
  • Savor antioxidant and anti-microbial rich food
  • Boost your immunity by taking Vitamin C from Orange juice twice-thrice the day

5. Viral Fever

Underlying viral illness is the main cause of having viral fever. Human beings are affected by varieties of viral infections like flu and cold. However, viral fever is a common time that could happen any time of the year. But it is monsoon in particular that increases the chances of a person having viral fever.

When the weather undergoes a lot of fluctuation in monsoon, the viral fever viruses are airborne and affect people. If someone is characterized by repeated sneezing or having problems like sore throat, they should consult the certified doctor. It could be a viral fever.

Symptoms of Viral Fever

Below mentioned are the most commonly found symptoms of viral fever in the human body. Have a look at them:

  • Feeling unwanted cold
  • Unwanted sweating
  • Dehydration
  • Pain in head muscle
  • Pain in muscles
  • Weakness in the body
  • Sore throat
  • Appetite loss
  • Chest and abdominal pain

Home Friendly Precautions of Viral Fever

Your body gets warm when you have a viral fever. This happens due to sweating which results in fluid loss. Browse through some of the best home-friendly precautions for viral fever:

  • Take rest as much as possible without taking mental stress
  • Make and drink honey and lime juice
  • Savor coriander tea
  • Boost immunity with rice starch
  • Take advantage of anti-bacterial and antibiotic properties-rich products

Best Food for Viral Fever Patients to Curb Its Effect

There are a range of comfort foods for the viral fever you could savor. We have scouted the best of them so that you won’t have to venture far:

  • Intake rich source of protein and iron via chicken soup
  • Strengthen your immune system by consuming Vitamin C Rich food like green vegetables
  • Intake Beta Glucan fiber via Oatmeals
  • Savor coconut water which is rich in glucose and electrolyte

6. Chikungunya

Talking of the most commonly occurring disease in monsoon amongst the people, Chikungunya is another name. It is caused by the Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus mosquitoes when they bite. These mosquitoes are highly active in the evening and the morning around the contaminated water.

However, death from this monsoon disease is very rare because Chikungunya is curable at any stage. All you have to do is consult with a doctor when you observe its symptoms. Keep in mind that there is no vaccine out there to curb the direct effect of Chikungunya. However, one can take certain relief measures and lower down the effect of the virus.

Symptoms of Chikungunya

You need to be aware of the symptoms of Chikungunya during the monsoon. Have a look at the most common of them and consult with a certified doctor before the problem gets bigger:

  • When the surrounding areas of your joint get swollen
  • Severe headache
  • Muscle pain
  • High fever upto 104 °F
  • Fatigue and skin rashes

Home Friendly Precautions of Chikungunya

The treatment of Chikungunya could be started at your home sweet home. Hard to believe? Well, then just flick through these home-friendly precautions of Chikungunya:

  • Drink plenty of fluids to remove the risk of the dehydration
  • Take complete bed rest for at least 10 days

Best Food for Chikungunya Patients to Curb Its Effect

  • Apply garlic paste and club it with pepper to reduce joint inflammation
  • Improve your immunity by taking a bath with hot water mixed with Epsom salt
  • Consume turmeric because it has anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory properties
  • Savor Tulsi and Ashwagandha leaves

[ You can also check all the Medical treatments available at Medi Connect India. ]

7. Normal Cold and Flu

If there is one such monsoon disease that is communicable from one person to another it is the normal cold and flu. It is a viral infection of the nose and throat. One needs to build strong immunity to retaliate against the effect of the normal cold and flu.

It happens because of the temperature variation which changes in the monsoon. From runny nose to watery eyes, from sneezing to muscle pain are the red indicators that you have a normal cold and flu.

Symptoms of Normal Cold and Flu

You might have been affected by any of these symptoms if you have a normal cold and flu. Pay attention to it and consult with a certified doctor today:

  • Feeling too much cold or excessive sweating
  • Hit by nausea and exhaustion
  • Appetite loss
  • Cold, caught, and sore throat

Home Friendly Precautions of Normal Cold and Flu

Combine these home remedies in your diet to get back to the normal state of living. Here we present to you a few of the symptoms of the normal cold and flu:

  • Get adequate rest
  • Savor drinks drenched with pudina leaves


Monsoon in India commences from July till September. It may feel refreshing, but the onset of the monsoon brings the risk of many infections and diseases, as we discussed above. If you want to protect yourself and your near or dear ones around you, stay aware of the precautions and the symptoms of the most common monsoon diseases and symptoms.

Consult with a doctor and don’t reply much upon the homely treatment. The in-house treatment works best when it is performed under the supervision of the certified doctor’s guidance. With the COVID-19 virus looming around us, it is important to consume antioxidant-rich food with a protein-rich food blend.

NOTE: For any medical requirement or consultation, you can contact us at info@mediconnectindia.com or call on +91 9717766080.

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